A recent psychological study in Science suggests we may be changing the way we store memory. Instead of remembering facts and information, we have started to remember where we can find the information online.
Researchers in the study say the internet acts as “transactive memory,” meaning we recognize it as an external memory source. The idea isn’t new, throughout history we have associated certain people with an expertise or a skill set and who have answers to our questions, but in this case, we’re doing the same thing with the internet.
One of the experiments in this study provided a set of facts to two groups of participants and asked them to remember them. Half of the group was told these facts would remain in folders on a computer, the other half were told they would be deleted. Participants who knew the files would be erased performed significantly better in a memory test than those who knew they could pull up the information later.
Lead author Dr. Betsy Sparrow notes to the BBC, “This suggests that for the things we can find online, we tend to keep it online as far as memory is concerned.” The participants in the study tended to remember the location of information rather than the information itself. Photo by lyrandian.
The Internet Changes What We Remember